Bibliography on the Production of Referring Expressions
There are two excellent bibliographies on referring expressions from a computational perspective, maintained by two of our project members: Albert Gatt’s Annotated Bibliography on the Generation of Referring Expressions and Related Problems and Jette Viethen’s extensive Bibliography on Referring Expression Generation (including bibtex records and many pdfs).
In addition to this, we maintain a bibliography focussing on various phenomena in empirical and psycholinguistic research on the production of referring expressions (see below).
Dale, R. and Reiter, E. (1995). Computational interpretations of the Gricean maxims in the generation of referring expressions. Cognitive Science
19 (2), 233-263. [PDF
Grice, H.P. (1975). Logic and conversation. In: P. Cole and J.L. Morgan (Eds.), Speech Acts, 41-58. New York: Academic Press.
Krahmer, E. and K. van Deemter (2012). Computational Generation of Referring Expressions: A Survey. Computational Linguistics
, to appear. [PDF
Levelt, W. (1989). Speaking: From Intention to Articulation. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Olson, D.R. (1970). Language and thought: Aspects of a cognitive theory of semantics. Psychological Review 77 (4), 257-273.
van Deemter, K., A. Gatt, R. van Gompel and E. Krahmer (2012). Towards a computational psycholinguistics of reference production. Topics in Cognitive Science, to appear.
Searle, J.R. (1969). Speech acts: An essay in the philosophy of language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Referring as a collaborative process
Brennan, S. and Clark, H. (1996). Conceptual pacts and lexical choice in conversation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition
22, 1482-1493. [PDF
Brennan, S. and Hanna, J. (2009). Partner-specific adaptation in dialog. Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (2), 274-291.
Brennan, S., Galati, A. and Kuhlen, A (2010). Two minds, one dialog: Coordinating speaking and understanding. In B. H. Ross (Ed.), The Psychology of Learning and Motivation
53, 301-344, Burlington: Academic Press. [PDF
Brown-Schmidt, S. (2009). Partner-specific interpretation of maintained referential precedents during interactive dialog. Journal of Memory and Language
61 (2), 171-190. [PDF
Clark, H. and Bangerter, A. (2004). Changing conceptions about reference. In I. Noveck and D. Sperber (Eds.), Experimental Pragmatics
Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 25-49. [PDF
Clark, H. and Wilkes-Gibbs, D. (1986). Referring as a collaborative process. Cognition
22 (1), 1-39. [PDF
Clark, H. and Brennan, S. (1991). Grounding in communication. In L. B. Resnick, J.M. Levine and S.D. Teasley (Eds.), Perspectives on Socially Shared Cognition
, 127-149. Washington DC: American Psychological Association. [PDF
Clark, H. and Krych, M. (2004). Speaking while monitoring addressees for understanding. Journal of Memory and Language
50, 62-81. [PDF
Deutsch, W. and Pechmann, T. (1982). Social interaction and the development of definite descriptions. Cognition 11 (2), 159-184.
Eriksson, M. (2009). Referring as interaction: On the interplay between linguistic and bodily practices. Journal of Pragmatics
41 (2), 240-262. [PDF
Fussell, S. and Krauss, R. (1989). Understanding friends and strangers: The effects of audience design on message comprehension. European Journal of Social Psychology 19 (6), 509-525.
Gundel, J., Hedberg, N. and Zacharsky, R. (1993). Cognitive status and the form of referring expressions in discourse. Language 69 (2), 274-307.
Hanna, J., Tanenhaus, M. and Trueswell, J. (2003). The effects of common ground and perspective on domains of referential interpretation. Journal of Memory and Language
49 (1), 43-61. [PDF
Hanna, J. and Tanenhaus, M. (2004). Pragmatic effects of reference resolution in a collaborative task: evidence from eye movements. Cognitive Science
28, 105-115. [PDF
Heeman, P. and Hirst, G. (1995). Collaborating on referring expressions. Computational Linguistics
21 (3), 351-382. [PDF
Horton, W. and Gerrig, R. (2002). Speakers’ experiences and audience design: knowing when and knowing how to adjust utterances to adressees. Journal of Memory and Language
47, 589-606. [PDF
Horton, W. and Keysar, B. (1996). When do speakers take into account common ground? Cognition
59 (1), 91-117. [PDF
Keysar, B. (1997). Unconfounding common ground. Discourse Processes
24, 253-270. [PDF
Metzing, C. and Brennan, S. (2003). When conceptual pacts are broken: Partner-specific effects on the comprehension of referring expressions. Journal of Memory of Language
49 (2), 201-213. [PDF
Wege, M. van der (2009). Lexical entrainment and lexical differentiation in reference phrase choice. Journal of Memory and Language
60 (4), 448-463. [PDF
Wittek, A. and Tomasello, M. (2005). Young children’s sensitivity to listener knowledge and perceptual context in choosing referring expressions. Applied Psycholinguistics
26, 541-558. [PDF
Nonverbal aspects of referring
Alibali, M., Heath, D. and Meyers, H. (2001). Effects of visibility between speaker and listener on gesture production: Some gestures are meant to be seen. Journal of Memory and Language
44, 169-188. [PDF
Bangerter, A. (2004). Using pointing and describing to achieve joint focus of attention in dialogue. Psychological Science
15 (6), 415-419. [PDF
de Ruiter, J.P., Bangerter, A. and Dings, A. (in press). The interplay between gesture and speech in the production of referring expressions: Investigating the trade-off hypothesis. Topics in Cognitive Science.
Gerwing, J. and Bavelas, G. (2004). Linguistic influences on gesture's form. Gesture
4, 157-195. [PDF
Hanna, J. and Brennan, S. (2007). Speaker's eye gaze disambiguates referring expressions early during face-to-face conversation. Journal of Memory and Language
57, 596-615. [PDF
Holler, J. and Stevens, R. (2007). The effect of common ground on how speakers use gesture and speech to represent size information. Journal of Language and Psychology
26 (1), 4-27. [PDF
Holler, J. and Wilkin, K. (2011). Co-speech gesture mimicry in the process of collaborative referring during face-to-face dialogue. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior
35, 133-153. [PDF
Jacobs, N. and Garnham, A. (2007). The role of conversational hand gestures in a narrative task. Journal of Memory and Language
56, 291-303. [PDF
Lam, T. and Watson, D. (2010). Repetition is easy: Why repeated referents have reduced prominence. Memory and Cognition
38 (8), 1137-1146. [PDF
Tyrone, M. and Mauk, C. (2010). Sign lowering and phonetic reduction in American Sign Language. Journal of Phonetics
38, 317-328. [PDF
Ariel, M. (1990). Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents. London: Croom Helm.
Ariel, M. (1991). The function of accessibility in a theory of grammar. Journal of Pragmatics
16 (5), 443-463. [PDF
Ariel, M. (2001). Accessibility theory: An overview. In: T. Sanders., J. Schilperoord, and W. Spooren (Eds.), Text representation: Linguistic and psycholinguistic aspects, 29-87. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Arnold, J. and Griffin, Z. (2007). The effect of additional characters on choice of referring expression: Everyone counts. Journal of Memory and Language
56, 521-536. [PDF
Bard, E., Anderson, A., Sotillo, C., Aylett, M., Doherty-Sneddon, G. and Newl, A. (2000). Controlling the intelligibility of referring expressions in dialogue. Journal of Memory and Language
42, 1-22. [PDF
Belke, E. and Meyer, A. (2002). Tracking the time course of multidimensional stimulus discrimination: Analysis of viewing patterns and processing times during “same”-“different” decisions. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology
14, 237-266. [PDF
Brown=Schmidt, S. and Tanenhaus, M. (2006). Watching the eyes when talking about size: an investigation of message formulation and utterance planning. Journal of Memory and Language
54, 592-609. [PDF
Gundel, J., Hegarty, M. and Borthen, K. (2003). Cognitive status, information structure, and pronominal reference to clausally introduced entities. Journal of Logic, Language and Information
12 (3), 281-299. [PDF
Levelt, W., Roelofs, A. and Meyer, A. (1999). A theory of lexical access in speech production. Beharioral and Brain Sciences 22, 1-38.
Matthews, D., Lieven, E., Theakston, A. and Tomasello, M. (2006). The effect of perceptual availability and prior discourse on young children’s use of referring expressions. Applied Psycholinguistics
27 (3), 402-422. [PDF
Snedeker, J. and Trueswell, J. (2004). The developing constraints on parsing decisions: the role of lexical-biases and referential scenes in child and adult sentence processing. Cognitive Psychology
49 (3), 238-299. [PDF
Stevenson, R. (2002). The role of salience in the production of referring expressions: A psycholinguistic perspective. In: K. van Deemter, and R. Kibble (Eds.), Information Sharing
, 167-192. Stanford, CSLI. [PDF
Tanenhaus, M., Chambers, C. and Hanna, J. (2004). Referential domains in spoken language comprehension: Using eye movements to bridge the product and action traditions. In J. M. Henderson and F. Ferreira (Eds.), The interface of language, vision, and action: Eye movements and the visual world
, 251-287. New York: Psychology Press. [PDF
Yantis, S. and Egeth, H. (1999). On the distinction between visual salience and stimulus-driven attentional capture. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human perception and performance
25, 661-676. [PDF
Arts, A. (2004). Overspecification in instructive discourse. PhD Thesis, Tilburg University.
Arts, A., Maes, A., Noordman, L. and Jansen, C. (2011). Overspecification facilitates object comprehension. Journal of Pragmatics
43 (1), 361-374. [PDF
Arts, A., Maes, A., Noordman, L. and Jansen, C. (2011). Overspecification in written instruction. Applied Linguistics
49 (3), 555-574. [PDF
Engelhardt, P., Bailey, K. and Ferreira, F. (2006). Do speakers and listeners observe the Gricean Maxim of Quantity?. Journal of Memory and Language
54, 554-573. [PDF
Jaszczolt, K. (2002). Against ambiguity and underspecification: evidence from presupposition as anaphora. Journal of Pragmatics
34, 829-849. [PDF
Koolen, R., Gatt, A., Goudbeekm, M. and Krahmer, E. (2011). Factors causing overspecification in definite descriptions. Journal of Pragmatics
43 (13), 3231-3250. [PDF
Maes, A., Arts, A. and Noordman, L. (2004). Reference management in instructive discourse. Discourse Processes
37 (2), 117-144. [PDF
Mangold, R. and Pobel, R. (1988). Informativeness and instrumentality in referential communication. Journal of Language and Social Psychology
7, 181-191. [PDF
Onishi, K. and Murphy, G. (2002). Discourse model representation of referential and attributive descriptions. Language and Cognitive Processes
17 (2), 97-123. [PDF
Pechmann, T. (1989). Incremental speech production and referential overspecification. Linguistics 27, 98-110.
Sonnenschein, S. (1985). The development of referential communication skills: some situations in which speakers give redundant messages. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
14, 489-508. [PDF
Spivey, M. and Richardson, D. (2008). Language embedded in the environment. In P. Robbins and M. Aydede (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition, 383-400. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Speaker internal vs. addressee-oriented processes
Arnold, J. (2008). Reference production: Production-internal and addressee-oriented processes. Language and Cognitive Processes
23 (4), 495-527. [PDF
Bateman, J., Tenbrink, T. and Farrar, s. (2006). The role of conceptual and linguistic ontologies in discourse. Discourse Processes
44 (3), 175-212. [PDF
Nadig, A. and Sedivy, J. (2002). Evidence of perspective-taking constraints in children's on-line reference resolution. Psychological Science
13, 329-336. [PDF
Lane, W. and Ferreira, V. (2008). Speaker-external versus speaker-internal forces on utterance form: Do cognitive demands override threats to referential success? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition
34, 1466-1481. [PDF
Pragmatics of reference
Abbott, B. (2004). Definiteness and indefiniteness. In L. R. Horn and G. Ward, The Handbook of Pragmatics, 122-149. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Almor, A. (1999). Noun-phrase anaphora and focus: The informational load hypothesis. Psychological Review
106 (4), 748-765. [PDF
Altmann, G. and Steedman, M. (1988). Interaction with context during human sentence processing. Cognition
30, 191-238. [PDF
Altmann, G., Garnham, A. and Henstra, J. (1994). Effects of syntax in human sentence parsing: Evidence against a structure-based proposal mechanism. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition
20 (1), 209-216. [PDF
Barr, D. and Keysar, B. (2002). Anchoring comprehension in linguistic precedents. Journal of Memory and Language
46 (2), 391-418. [PDF
Brown-Schmidt, S. and Tanenhaus, M. (2008). Real-time investigation of referential domains in unscripted conversation: A targeted language game approach. Cognitive Science 32 (4), 643-684.
Campbell, A., Brooks, P. and Tomasello, M. (2000). Factors affecting young children’s use of pronouns as referring expressions. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research 43, 1337-1349.
Chambers, C., Tanenhaus, M. and Magnuson, J. (2004). Actions and affordances in syntactic ambiguity resolution. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition
30 (3), 687-696. [PDF
Chen, P. (2009). Aspects of referentiality. Journal of Pragmatics
41 (8), 1657-1674. [PDF
Cohen, P. (1984). The pragmatics of referring and the modality of communication. Computational Linguistics
10 (2), 97-146. [PDF
Dahan, D., Tanenhaus, M. and Chambers, C. (2002). Memory and language accent and reference resolution in spoken-language comprehension. Journal of Memory and Language
47, 292-314. [PDF
Ferreira, V., Slevc, L. and Rogers, E. (2005). How do speakers avoid ambiguous linguistic expressions? Cognition
96 (3), 263-284. [PDF
Grodner, D. and Sedivy, J. (2005). The effect of speaker-specific information on pragmatic inferences. In N. Pearlmutter and E. Gibson (Eds.), The Processing and Acquisition of Reference
. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [PDF
Haywood, S., Pickering, M. and Branigan, H. (2005). Do speakers avoid ambiguity during dialogue? Psychological Science
16, 362-366. [PDF
Heller, D., Grodner, D and Tanenhaus, M. (2008). The role of perspective in identifying domains of reference. Cognition
108, 831-836. [PDF
Keysar, B., Barr, D., Balin, J. and Brauner, J. (2000). Taking Perspective in Conversation: The Role of Mutual Knowledge in Comprehension. Psychological Science
11 (1), 32-38. [PDF
Lane, W., Groisman, M. and Ferreira, V. (2006). Donʼt talk about pink elephants! Speaker's control over leaking private information during language production. Psychological Science
17 (4), 273-277. [PDF
Paraboni, I., Deemter, K. van. and Masthoff, J. (2007). Generating Referring Expressions: Making Referents Easy to Identify. Computational Linguistics
33 (2), 229-254. [PDF
Sedivy, J., Tanenhaus, M., Chambers, C. and Carlson, G. (1999). Achieving incremental semantic interpretation through contextual representation. Cognition
71 (2), 109-147. [PDF
Sedivy, J. (2002). Invoking discourse-based contrast sets and resolving syntactic ambiguities. Journal of Memory and Language
46, 341-370. [PDF
Sedivy, J. (2003). Pragmatic versus form-based accounts of referential contrast: evidence for effects of informativity expectations. Journal of Psycholinguistics Research
32 (1), 2-23. [PDF
Tanenhaus, M. and Brown-Schmidt, S. (2008). Language processing in the natural world. Philosophical Transactions B, Biological sciences
363 (1493), 1105-1122. [PDF
Priming and alignment in reference production
Bock, K. and Griffin, Z. (2000). The persistence of structural priming: Transient activation or implicit learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology
129, 177-192. [PDF
Branigan, H., Pickering, M., McLean, J. and Cleland, A. (2007). Syntactic alignment and participant role in dialogue. Cognition
104 (2), 163-197. [PDF
Branigan, H., Pickering, M., Pearson, J. and McLean, J. (2010). Linguistic alignment between people and computers. Journal of Pragmatics
42 (9), 2355-2368. [PDF
Garrod, S. and Pickering, M. (2007). Alignment in dialogue. In G. M. Gaskell and G. Altmann (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics
, 443-451. Oxford: Oxford University Press [PDF
Garrod, S. and Pickering, M. (2009). Joint action, interactive alignment, and dialog. Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (2), 292-304.
Goudbeek, M. and E. Krahmer (2012). Alignment in interactive reference production: Content planning, modifier ordering and referential overspecification. Topics in Cognitive Science, to appear.
Pickering, M., Branigan, H., Cleland, A. and Stewart, A. (2000). Activation of syntactic information during language production. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
29 (2), 205-216. [PDF
Pickering, M. and Garrod, S. (2006). Alignment as the basis for successful communication. Research On Language and Computation
4, 203-288. [PDF
Pickering, M. and Ferreira, V. (2008). Structural priming: A critical review. Psychological Bulletin
134 (3), 427-459. [PDF